Experience a virtual Martian sunset, climb into a simulated Orion capsule and feel the texture of rock cliffs inspired by the red planet in our brand-new interactive exhibit, Mission Mars, now open.
Discover what it takes to travel to Mars, what hardware will get us to the fourth planet in our solar system and how humans may live on the red planet in the next few decades.
Space Center Houston worked closely with NASA in the development of the Mission Mars exhibit, which guides visitors through NASA’s journey to Mars, beginning with a look at how our view of the red planet has changed through the ages. Find out what goals NASA aims to achieve by exploring Mars and what the red planet can teach us about Earth and the universe.
Touch a Mars rock
Touch a real piece of Mars and see a collection of three other rare Mars meteorites. There are fewer than 150 Mars meteorites, and most of those are held in private collections. Don’t miss your chance to see and touch an actual piece of the red planet in Mission Mars.
Life on the red planet
Explore the exhibit to experience the Martian environment and answer all your red-hot Mars questions.
Find out how the geology of Mars differs from Earth — from massive canyons more than twice as deep as the Grand Canyon to staggering mountains three times as tall at Mount Everest.
Making the journey
NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS), the most advanced and powerful rocket under design, will launch future explorers on their journey to Mars. Inside the Mission Mars exhibit, stand beside a towering, 45-foot 1/8th scale model of the SLS and see the space launch system main engine, RS-25, the most efficient engine ever built.
Peer inside a full-size Orion research model used by engineers from NASA Johnson Space Center and Lockheed Martin to study ergonomics and astronaut emergency escape procedures. Afterward, try your hand at being a space explorer in our one-of-a-kind Orion capsule simulator. Climb into the simulator to see, touch and hear what it will be like for the first astronauts who travel to Mars.
Challenges of the red planet
- The Martian atmosphere is 100 times thinner than Earth.
- Mars has 0.38 the gravity of earth. If you weighed 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 38 pounds on Mars.
- Mars is home to the largest system of valleys in the solar system. It spans 2,500 miles (4,000 km) — almost as long the United States.
One of the most inhospitable aspects of life on Mars is radiation. There is a massive amount of radiation in space, mainly originating outside the solar system. Astronauts will have to shield themselves from this radiation during the journey. They also need radiation-blocking habitats while living on Mars because the much thinner Martian atmosphere does not shield as much radiation as Earth’s atmosphere. Test a selection of materials to discover how they protect astronauts from this cosmic radiation.
What would you pack on a journey to Mars? The weight of every item in the spacecraft must be accounted for to get the most out of the rocket’s thrust. As a result, astronauts are only allowed to take the minimum amount of equipment and resources required to complete their mission as well as a very limited number of personal items for emotional health. Pack a rocket to Mars and see if it completes the mission.
When supplies are limited by weight, food must be rationed as well. Consequently, astronauts will need to grow food in space. Learn about NASA’s plant growth system called “Veggie” that will allow astronauts to grow food in space and on Mars. See what space crops may look like on Mars.
Mission Mars support
In addition to input from subject-matter NASA experts, NASA’s Office of Education provided a grant through the Competitive Program for Museums, Science Centers, Planetariums and NASA Visitor Centers. These grants are designed to create interactive exhibits to engage the public, students and teachers in NASA-themed science, technology, engineering and math education. Lockheed Martin provided the high fidelity Orion capsule trainer, along with financial support for the exhibit construction.
Make it your mission to learn all about this fascinating world in our newest exhibit, Mission Mars. Get your tickets today!